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Small list of Irregular verbs learning English basics

How to use the irregular verb list

This is a small list of irregular verbs to help you when you are unsure if a verb is irregular. 

What is an irregular verb?

An irregular verb is when a verb  does not end with the normal -ed  when used for the Past Simple and Past Participle forms and even irregular verbs will not change at all.

Regular verbs will add -ed or -d

In the English language, regular verbs will add -ed (or -d if the end with the letter 'e') when you need to form the past tense and past participle.

The English language has a lot of irregular verbs, which don't add -ed or -d to the end of the verb

Some irregular verbs  do not change at all, while others change completely, or they can even change letters in the middle.

Use the list below for examples

Use the list below to understand the explanation given above.

Learning Basic English

Irregular Verbs List

First Form base form

Second Form past

Third Form past participle

 

 

 

 

It doesn't change.

It doesn't change.

bet

bet

bet

bid

bid

bid

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

burst

burst

burst

cast

cast

cast

cost

cost

cost

cut

cut

cut

fit

fit

fit

forecast

forecast

forecast

hit

hit

hit

hurt

hurt

hurt

knit

knit / knitted

knit / knitted

let

let

let

proofread

proofread

proofread

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read (pronounced as red)

read (pronounced as red)

rid

rid

rid

set

set

set

shed

shed

shed

spit

spit

spit

shut

shut

shut

split

split

split

 

 

spread

spread (pronounced as spred)

spread (pronounced as spred)

sweat

sweat / sweated

sweat / sweated

thrust

thrust

thrust

upset

upset

upset

wet

wet

wet

 

 

ends with silent /e/

ends with /en/

 

vowel changes to /o/

ends with /en/

awake

awoke

awoken

break

broke

broken

choose

chose

chosen

freeze

froze

frozen

speak

spoke

spoken

steal

stole

stolen

wake

woke

woken

weave

wove

woven

 

 

/i/ changes to /o/

ends with /en/

arise

arose

arisen

drive

drove

driven

dive

dove

dived * exception

handwrite

handwrote

handwritten

ride

rode

ridden

rise

rose

risen

stride

strode

stridden

strive

strove

striven

typewrite

typewrote

typewritten

write

wrote

written

 

 

 

 

/a/ changes to /oo/

ends with /en/

mistake

mistook

mistaken

overtake

overtook

overtaken

partake

partook

partaken

retake

retook

retaken

shake

shook

shaken

take

took

taken

undertake

undertook

undertaken

 

 

vowel changes

ends with /en/

beat

beat (vowel doesn't change)

beaten (vowel doesn’t change)

browbeat

browbeat (vowel doesn't change)

browbeat / browbeaten

forbid

forbade

forbidden

eat

ate

eaten

overeat

overate

overeaten

fall

fell

fallen

forget

forgot

forgotten

get

got

gotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

give

gave

given

bite

bit

bitten

frostbite

frostbit

frostbitten

hide

hid

hidden

disprove

disproved

disproved / disproven

prove

proved

proved / proven

swell

swelled

swollen

 

 

 

 

ends with /ed/ or /t/

ends with /ed/ or /t/

burn

burned / burnt

burned / burnt

daydream

daydreamed / day dreamt

daydreamed / daydreamt

dream

dreamed / dreamt

dream / dreamt

kneel

kneeled / knelt

kneeled / knelt

leap

leaped / leapt

leaped / leapt

learn

learned / learnt

learned / learnt

smell

smelled / smelt

smell / smelt

spell

spelled / spelt

spelled / spelt

spill

spilled / spilt

spilled / spilt

 

 

ends with /t/

ends with /t/

 

/d/ changes to /t/

/d/ changes to /t/

bend

bent

bent

build

built

built

lend

lent

lent

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

send

sent

sent

spend

spent

spent

 

 

ends with /t/

ends with /t/

deal

dealt

dealt

feel

felt

felt

mean

meant

meant

leave

left

left

 

 

/eep/ changes to /ept/

/eep/ changes to /ept/

creep

crept

crept

 

 

keep

kept

kept

oversleep

overslept

overslept

sleep

slept

slept

weep

wept

wept

 

 

/aught/

/aught/

catch

caught

caught

teach

taught

taught

 

 

/ought/

/ought/

bring

brought

brought

buy

bought

bought

fight

fought

fought

seek

sought

sought

think

thought

thought

work

worked (wrought - uncommon)

worked (wrought - uncommon)

 

 

 

 

/oo/ changes to /o/

/oo/ changes to /o/

outshoot

outshot

outshot

overshoot

overshot

overshot

reshoot

reshot

reshot

shoot

shot

shot

troubleshoot

troubleshot

troubleshot

 

 

ends with /d/

ends with /d/

 

ends with /d/

ends with /d/

 

hear

 

heard

 

heard

 

mishear

 

misheard

 

misheard

 

 

 

overhear

 

overheard

 

overheard

 

slide

 

slid

 

slid

 

have

 

had

 

had

 

 

/ea/ changes to /e/

/ea/ changes to /e/

 

cheerlead

 

cheerled

 

cheerled

 

lead

 

led

 

led

 

mislead

 

misled

 

misled

 

plead

 

pleaded / pled

 

pleaded / pled

 

 

/ay/ changes to /aid/

/ay/ changes to /aid/

 

lay

 

laid

 

laid

 

mislay

 

mislaid

 

mislaid

 

overpay

 

overpaid

 

overpaid

 

pay

 

paid

 

paid

 

prepay

 

prepaid

 

prepaid

 

relay

 

relaid

 

relaid

 

repay

 

repaid

 

repaid

 

say

 

said (pronounced as sed)

 

said (pronounced as sed)

 

underpay

 

underpaid

 

underpaid

 

 

/ell/ changes to /old/

/ell/ changes to /old/

 

outsold

 

outsold

 

outsold

 

oversell

 

oversold

 

oversold

 

resell

 

resold

 

resold

 

retell

 

retold

 

retold

 

sell

 

sold

 

sold

 

tell

 

told

 

told

 

 

 

 

/and/ changes to /ood/

/and/ changes to /ood/

 

misunderstand

 

misunderstood

 

misunderstood

 

stand

 

stood

 

stood

 

understand

 

understood

 

understood

 

withstand

 

withstood

 

withstood

 

 

/i/ changes to /ou/

/i/ changes to /ou/

 

bind

 

bound

 

bound

 

find

 

found

 

found

 

grind

 

ground

 

ground

 

rewind

 

rewound

 

rewound

 

spellbind

 

spellbound

 

spellbound

 

unwind

 

unwound

 

unwound

 

wind

 

wound

 

wound

 

 

/o/ changes to /e/

/o/ changes to /e/

 

hold

 

held

 

held

 

uphold

 

upheld

 

upheld

 

withhold

 

withheld

 

withheld

 

 

/ee/ changes to /e/

/ee/ changes to /e/

bleed

bled

bled

breed

bred

bred

feed

fed

fed

flee

fled

fled

meet

met

met

speed

sped / speeded

sped / speeded

 

 

spoonfeed

spoonfed

spoonfed

 

 

 

ends with /n/

 

/aw/ changes to /ew/

/awn/

draw

drew

drawn

overdraw

overdrew

overdrawn

redraw

redrew

redrawn

 

 

/ear/ changes to /ore/

 

/ear/ changes to /orn/ /orne/

bear

bore

born / borne

swear

swore

sworn

tear

tore

torn

wear

wore

worn

 

 

/ow/ changes to /ew/

ends with /n/

blow

blew

blown

grow

grew

grown

know

knew

known

outgrow

outgrew

outgrown

outthrow

outthrew

outthrown

overgrow

overgrew

overgrown

overthrow

overthrew

overthrown

throw

threw

thrown

 

 

/ee/ changes to /aw/

/ee/ changes to /awn/

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

oversee

oversaw

overseen

see

saw

seen

 

 

 

 

/ew/ and /ow/

/ew/ and /ow/

fly

flew

flown

sew

sewed

sewn / sewed

show

showed

shown / showed

 

 

/i/ changes to /a/

/i/ changes to /u/

begin

began

begun

drink

drank

drunk

outdrink

outdrank

outdrunk

outsing

outsang

outsung

outswim

outswam

outswum

preshrink

preshrank

preshrunk

ring

rang

rung

shrink

shrank

shrunk

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

spin

spun (span - uncommon)

spun

spring

sprang

sprung

stink

stank / stunk

stunk

swim

swam

swum

 

 

/i/ changes to /u/

/i/ changes to /u/

cling

clung

clung

dig

dug

dug

fling

flung

flung

hang

hung

hung

rehang

rehung

rehung

 

 

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

strike

struck

struck

string

strung

strung

swing

swung

swung

wring

wrung

wrung

 

 

/o/ changes to /a/

It doesn't change.

become

became

become

come

came

come

overcome

overcame

overcome

 

 

 

ends with /one/

 

/o/ changes to /i/

/o/ changes to /one/

do

did

done

outdo

outdid

outdone

overdo

overdid

overdone

redo

redid

redone

 

 

/o/ changes to /ent/

/o/ changes to /one/

forego

forewent

forgone

go

went

gone

undergo

underwent

undergone

 

 

/u/ changes to /a/

It doesn't change.

outrun

outran

outrun

overrun

overran

overrun

rerun

reran

rerun

 

 

run

ran

run

 

 

The vowel changes.

The vowel changes.

shine

shone

shone

sit

sat

sat

sneak

snuck / sneaked

snuck / sneaked

spit

spit / spat

spit / spat

win

won

won

 

 

one of a kind

one of a kind

lose

lost

lost

lie

lay

lain

slay

slew

slain

be

was - were

been

clothe

clothed (clad uncommon)

clothed (clad uncommon)

 



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