Learning prepositions English lesson
What will I learn from the English lesson prepositions?
During this English lesson you will learn what prepositions are and how to use them in sentences. The lesson explains the difference between a preposition and a conjunction. Later in the lesson it shows what relationships a preposition can have.
What are prepositions?
A preposition as a rule links part of the sentence ("this is called the modified part") to a noun or noun phrase, which is called the object of the preposition.
It is a bag for rubbish
The preposition "for" shows the relationship between "bag" and "rubbish".)
The plane flew above the clouds.
(The preposition "above" shows the relationship between "clouds" and "flew".)
Examples of the modofied part, prepostion and the object
Modified part preposition object
a joke about the weather
snowed after Christmas
arrived at their house
How many prepositions are there in the english language?
There are about 60 prepositions in English, and these are the most common, in order of frequency.
of, in, to, with, as, at, for, on, by, from.
One of the peculiarities of English is called preposition stranding:
Which house did you arrive at?
I wonder what they're laughing about.
In these examples the preposition's object has been moved forward to the front of the clause This is quite common and you should be able to recognise that at and about are prepositions, in spite of the position of their object.
Preposition or is it a conjunction?
Prepositions link part of a sentence to a noun or noun-phrase (the preposition's object).
A letter came for you.
He wrote to all their friends.
Some words can be used either as prepositions or as conjunctions which link part of a sentence to a finite clause.
She arrived before supper. (preposition)
She arrived before he gave us the message. (conjunction)
What relationships can a preposition show?
They can be used when describing: -
at, on, in, inside, within, by, near, behind, beyond, among, between, above, below, beneath, over, under to, towards, from, into, out (of), off, onto, across, along, down, past, round, through
Talking about time
at, on, in, during, for, after, before, by, since, till, throughout, until
because of, despite, for
as, like, unlike, than
Addition to something
Which preposition should be used?
Some prepositions have different meanings according to their context:
a teller of jokes of = produces
a book of recipes of = contains
a book of Dad's of = belongs to
Some words demand particular prepositions, which are fairly arbitrary:
depend on cope with tired of
long for reason for angry at
live on marriage to averse to
battle against or with trouble with bored with
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